Lesson Plan – Introduction

Lesson Plan for “Introduction” of a short composition

There are 3 components to an Essay

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion

For a short composition this means that as a minimum the Introduction should be one paragraph.

Introduction(what it does):

  1. Defines scope
  2. Briefly explains/summarizes document
  3. Explains important elements not in the body


Give the reader a sense of what’s ahead in the main body.

Structure of Introduction/front matter:

  1. Abstract/Summary: Explain in as few words as possible what the essay is about.
  2. Preface: How the essay was conceived. Typically signed and dated.Preface comes from Latin, meaning “spoken before” (prae fatia) or “made before” (prae factum).
  3. Acknoledgements: Credits. This can also be mentioned in the preface or foreward.
  4. Foreward(preface by different author)

If above components are seperate and accompanied by a seperate “Introduction” then the entire section of sub sections are known as the “front matter”.

By convention introduction/front matter is unnumbered and precede any numbered chapters.

Types of Introduction

  1. Prologue: For stories – An opening (ie short scene) that establishes context and background of the story.
  2. Preamble: For documents – Expressive statement explaining purpose and philosophy of the document.
  3. Lead Paragraph/Lead: For journalism – Opening paragraph of an article/essay/book chapter summarizes main ideas. Basicly it’s a summary for the above mentioned types of short literature.
  4. Epigraph: For literature(especially documents and stories) – Quotation by another person. Could be a poem or just a statement.


Lead Paragraph


WSJ (Wall Street Journal)


Alien The Crossing




U.S Constitution